18/02/2014 13:00 – Portal Brasil
Three years after being released, the growth acceleration programme (PAC2) 82.3% concluded their actions planned for the period 2011-2014. According to a Government report released this week, until 30 December last year, the PAC2 invested around R$ 583 billion in energy infrastructure works, social and urban logistics. In the electrical energy sector, investments totaling R$ 146 billion in 344 complexes, with the goal of physics 81 thousand MW of generating capacity. In three years of PAC, 95 new plants were completed, additional generation capacity to the National interconnected system (SIN) of 10,200 MW, half of which are renewable sources.
Exactly 160 new power plants are under construction in the country, with an installed power capacity of 26,784 MW, 90% from renewable sources, according to the report the PAC2. The investments in transmission segment PAC2 total R$152 billion, in 177 projects, transmission lines 109 (49 km) and 68 substations (35 thousand MVA). 31 transmission lines were completed (9,828 km) and 32 substations (20,318 MVA) 37 transmission lines are under construction (9,920 miles) also 30 substations (12,029 MVA). Since 2011, there were conducted 11 auctions of transmission, with a hiring of 19,648 kilometers of transmission lines. Investments for deployment of these lines came to a total of 21 billion reais. Just in 2013 8,134 miles were hired.
In the oil and gas sector, since 2011, 381 exploration wells were started, 181 being at sea and and 200 on shore, 69 in the pre-salt and 312 in post-salt. Of the 381 started, 305 have been completed, 138 being at sea and 167 on land. The main highlight is the beginning of the operation of eight platforms and the production in 24 fields, among them Baleia Azul (Blue Whale) and Mexilhão (Mussel). Still in 2013 there were held three rounds of bidding for exploration blocks with emphasis on the first round in sharing scheme – Libra. These rounds will generate investments of R$ 7 billion in exploration programmes and minimum signing bonus in the amount of approximately R$ 18 billion. The Government report on the programme, also reported that, since January 1st, all the stations in the country began to receive the new ultra low sulphur gasolines (S-50). With that, the emission of polluting gases should be reduced by up to 60%.